Jewish History Australia
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Australian Newspaper Cuttings of Jewish Interest
A series of articles One Hundred Years Ago has been published
Melbourne edited issues of the Australian Jewish Historical Society Journal, based
on cuttings from early Australian Jewish Newspapers, with commentary
by Lorraine Freeman. The two cuttings displayed here are from a collection
compiled by the author's late father.
Cutting 1: "The Jewish Race"SMH 2/11/1917
Below is an image of a newspaper article with the striking title,
"The Future of the Jewish Race", from the Sydney Morning Herald,
November 2, 1917.
It is an edited interview with a British politician,and
deals with the future of "Palestine",
and of the Jews of Russia following the fall of the Tsar.
Comments and Notes
- Use of term "race"
- Agriculture seen as the vital aspect of a future Jewish state
- Exports as basis of the economy of a state - yet industry, let alone high tech, not envisaged
- Optimism expressed for future Jewish life in Russia after the October Revolution
- Ignorance displayed of oppressed status of Jews in Muslim lands
- Alfred Mond, the future Lord Melchett, was the founder with his brother Ludwig of Imperial Chemical Industries, whose Australian subsidary is now the leading explosive manufacturer Orica.
- There is scope for comparison between Alfred Mond, Commissioner for Works
in a Britain at war, and John Monash, Lieutenant-General in charge of the A.I.F.
in (the final phase) of that war. Both men played vital roles
in winning the war for Britain. Afterwards both played significant roles
in the Zionist movement.
- At War's end there were strong rumours that Monash would be appointed to a leading role in the British Mandate in Palestine. However Monash "let it be
known that he was not interested" in such a role. On his return
to Australia he became responsible for developing the electricity grid
of South Eastern Australia. In 1929 he became president of the Australian Zionist movement. So Monash
became a strong supporter and advocate, but was himself not a builder of modern Israel.
- 1917 was the year Alfred Mond, aged 50, became fully conscious of his Jewish heritage and identity. He became head of the Jewish Agency in what was then Palestine,
so played a key role in the early days of the Mandate.
On Mond's death, his son Henry, who with his sister had converted to Judaism, succeeded him as head of the Jewish Agency. For more details see Jewish Agency website
Cutting 2: "Mr Borer" aids Jewish Refugees from Nazi Germany Argus 8/11/1938
In this intruiging cutting from the Melbourne Argus of the 8th November 1938,
the story is told of how an Austrian Jewish banker, through the accident of
contacting a well-intentioned Australian, gained sponsorship to flee the Third Reich and migrate
A poorly digitised version of this cutting may be easily found in the National Library of
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/12060781?searchTerm=Mr borer aids migrants&searchLimits=l-title=13|||l-decade=193|||l-year=1938
© Harvey A. Cohen, 2007, 2013